Withdrawing from the bloc would be a relatively simple process, according to Article 2205 of the NAFTA Treaty: „A party may withdraw from this agreement six months after its written declaration of withdrawal to the other parties. If a Contracting Party withdraws, the Agreement shall remain in force for the other Contracting Parties. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is a pact to remove most barriers to trade between the United States, Canada and Mexico, which entered into force on January 1, 1993. Some of its provisions were implemented immediately, while others were phased in over the next 15 years. For the first time in a U.S. trade deal, the agreement includes a ban on local data retention requirements in cases where a financial regulator has access to the data it needs to fulfill its regulatory and supervisory mandate. President Donald Trump promised during the election campaign to repeal NAFTA and other trade agreements that he considered unfair to the United States. On August 27, 2018, he announced a new trade agreement with Mexico to replace him. The U.S.-Mexico trade agreement, as it was called, would maintain duty-free access for agricultural products on both sides of the border and remove non-tariff barriers to trade, while further promoting agricultural trade between Mexico and the United States and effectively replacing NAFTA. The USMCA will have an impact on how member countries negotiate future free trade agreements. Article 32.10 requires USMCA countries to give usmCA members three months` notice if they intend to enter into free trade negotiations with non-market economies.
Article 32.10 allows USMCA countries to review all new free trade agreements that members accept. It is widely speculated that Article 32.10 deliberately targets China.  In fact, a senior White House official said of the USMCA agreement: „We were very concerned about China`s efforts to essentially undermine the position of the United States by making deals with others.“  U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has established a USMCA to serve as a single window for information on the USMCA. The USMCA coordinates CBP`s implementation of the USMCA and ensures a smooth transition through consistent and comprehensive guidance to our internal and external stakeholders. NAFTA has been structured to increase cross-border trade in North America and stimulate economic growth in each party. On December 12, 2019, the Mexican Senate adopted the revised treaty by 107 votes to 1.  The 3. In April 2020, Mexico announced that it was ready to implement the agreement and join Canada, although it had asked to give its auto industry more time to comply with the agreement.
 The negotiations „focused on car exports, steel and aluminum tariffs, and the milk, egg and poultry markets.“ One provision „prevents any party from enacting laws that restrict the flow of data across borders.“  Compared to NAFTA, the USMCA increases environmental and labour regulations and creates incentives for increased domestic production of cars and trucks.  The agreement also provides for updated intellectual property protection, gives the U.S. better access to the Canadian dairy market, imposes a quota on Canadian and Mexican auto production, and increases the duty-free limit for Canadians buying from the United States. Online goods from US$20 to US$150.  The full list of differences between the USMCA and NAFTA can be found on the U.S. Trade Representative `s (USTR) website.  U.S. International Trade Commission. „U.S. Services Trade with Mexico, 2012 – 2016.“ Accessed March 25, 2020.
Criticism of NAFTA generally focuses on the U.S. trade balance with Mexico. While the United States enjoys a slight advantage in services trade, exporting $30.8 billion in 2015 and significant $21.6 billion, its overall trade balance with the country is negative due to a gaping $58.8 billion merchandise trade deficit in 2016. In comparison, 1993 was a surplus of $1.7 billion (in 1993, the deficit was $36.1 billion in 2016). The United States, Mexico and Canada have agreed to transform the 25-year-old NAFTA into a high-level agreement of the 21st century. ==References==* Official website The new agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada (USMCA) will support mutually beneficial trade leading to freer markets, fairer trade and robust economic growth in North America. Given that low-income people spend more of their income on clothing and other goods that are cheaper to import than to produce domestically, they would likely suffer the most from a shift to protectionism – just like many of them through trade liberalization. According to a 2015 study by Pablo Fajgelbaum and Amit K. Khandelwal, the average real loss of income resulting from the complete cessation of trade would be 4% for the top 10% of the US population, but 69% for the poorest 10%. Because in a way, Mexico beats the United States at the border.
Prior to NAFTA, the trade balance of goods between the two countries was moderately in favour of the United States. In 2018, Mexico sold more than $72 billion more to the United States. when it was bought by its northern neighbor. NAFTA is a huge and extremely complicated undertaking. One look at economic growth can lead to one conclusion, while a look at the trade balance leads to another. While the impact of NAFTA is not easy to see, some winners and losers are reasonably clear. Led by the auto industry, the largest export category, Mexican manufacturers maintain a trade surplus of $58.8 billion in goods with the United States. They have also contributed to the growth of a small, educated middle class: Mexico had about nine engineering graduates per 10,000 people in 2015, compared to seven in the United States. Jorge Castañeda, who served as Mexico`s foreign minister under Vicente Fox Quesada`s government, argued in a December 2013 article in Foreign Affairs that NAFTA provides „vital support“ to the Party of the Institutional Revolution (PRI). who had been in power continuously since 1929. Fox, a member of the National Action Party, broke the PRI series when he became president in 2000. The EU-Mexico Free Trade Agreement is one of the most comprehensive trade agreements negotiated by the EU.
Investors in both regions will have preferential access to goods and services as well as investment security. The first transatlantic free trade agreement for the EU, signed in 2000 and implemented in 2001, appeared to be fruitful, with a 28.9% increase in trade in the first two trading years. Tariffs on Mexican exports to the EU began with an 82% reduction in tariffs. These tariffs are expected to expire by 2013. For the first time, a trade agreement will require the following: the USMCA is expected to have very little impact on the economy.  An International Monetary Fund (IMF) working paper released at the end of March 2019 stated that the agreement would have a „negligible“ impact on the economy as a whole.   The IMF study predicted that the USMCA would „affect trade in the automotive, textile, and apparel industries while generating modest overall gains in wealth, primarily through better access to the commodity market with negligible effect on real GDP.“  The IMF study found that the economic benefits of the USMCA would be greatly enhanced if Trump`s trade war ended (i.e., if the U.S. abolishes tariffs on steel and aluminum imports from Canada and Mexico, and Canada and Mexico drop retaliatory tariffs on imports from the U.S.).
 None of these other countries are not only members of NAFTA, none have a free trade agreement with the United States. . . .